They are an extensive family of viruses that can cause respiratory diseases and affect many species of animals. In humans, they cause mild illnesses, such as common colds, to more serious conditions, such as Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus (SARS-CoV2) causes COVID-19 disease .
Shortness of breath .
Recent loss or decrease in taste and / or smell.
Severe and persistent headache
Vomiting and / or diarrhea
It can affect anyone, mainly those over 60 years of age and people with pre-existing conditions (such as high blood pressure, diabetes, etc.). In these cases, preventive measures should be taken.
Direct: through the secretions of a person who is a carrier of the disease. That is, if that person coughs or sneezes and another person is standing less than a meter and a half away, that drop can fall directly into their airways, in the mouth or in the conjunctiva of the eyes.
Indirect: the other way is for that drop to fall on a surface, it can be a table, a doorknob, a bus seat. If we touch that surface that has the virus and then we put our hands to our faces, we can acquire the virus.
You can check the results of your test for Covid-19 online if you did it in hospitals or municipal health centers.
Wash our hands frequently with soap and water or, if we cannot, with alcohol diluted to 70%.
Cover the nose and mouth with the crease of the elbow or use tissues when coughing or sneezing (and throw them away immediately).
Ventilate the rooms every day.
Clean everyday and public surfaces such as doorknobs, countertops, pushbuttons, etc.
Respect the physical distance of 2 meters with other people.
Do not share mate, glass or other utensils.
Avoid spending a long time in closed spaces with many people.
Always wear a mask. Look at the recommendations on how to use it .
Hand washing with soap and water — especially at critical times, that is, after using the bathroom and before handling food — is a key life-saving intervention. If you do not have soap and water, you can use gel alcohol or alcohol diluted 70% in water.
To effectively reduce the growth of microorganisms on the hands, washing must be done correctly . It is important that you wash your hands:
Before and after putting on and taking off the mask.
Before and after handling food or breastfeeding.
Before eating or drinking and after handling garbage or waste.
After handling raw food and before handling cooked food.
After using the toilet, blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, and after changing your baby’s diapers.
After having touched “dirty” objects, such as money, keys, handrails or surfaces in public spaces.
When you get home from the street, work, school.
After having been in contact with animals.
Use of mask
From 12/5 it is mandatory to wear a mask on public roads. This measure is added to the spaces in which their use was already mandatory, such as passenger transport, customer service units, commercial premises or any area where excepted activities are carried out. [ Decree No. 606/2020 ]
It should cover the nose, mouth and chin.
Do not use in children under 2 years of age.
It serves to protect those around us and avoid infecting them if they are sick.
It is a complement, the most important thing is hand washing and physical distance.
Wear it for short periods of time and change them. They lose filtering efficiency after 2 hours.
Use it correctly, its misuse can cause us to touch our faces with our hands.
It should be washed and dried after each use. Bear in mind that every time we carry out this process, it loses filtering efficiency.
How to use a mask correctly?
Before putting it on, wash your hands properly and avoid touching your face during use.
Homemade cloth masks should:
Fit firmly but comfortably against the sides of the face.
Secure your ears with some kind of bow.
Include several layers of fabric.
Allow breathing without restriction.
Be made of washable fabrics that do not deform.
To remove the mask:
Carry out hand washing.
Remove it from the fastening ties and be careful not to touch your eyes, nose, and mouth.
Set aside to wash.
Wash hands again immediately after removal.
Recommendations for proper hand washing .
Use of the mask .
Recommendations when entering and leaving the house .
Recommendations for cleaning and disinfection of vehicles .
Recommendations for delivery
Recommendations when receiving a shipment .
Recommendations for people with visual disabilities or assistants.
Information for merchants .
Information for clients .